Establishing the Safety Infrastructure
Safety Package for Module 1:
Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for Safety
This module combines the following elements of SSG–16:
- National policy and strategy for safety (Actions 1 – 10)
- Global nuclear safety regime (Actions 11 – 19)
- Legal framework (Actions 20 – 23)
- Regulatory framework (Actions 24 – 38)
- Transparency and openness (Actions 39 – 47)
- Funding and financing (Actions 48 – 60)
Related SSG-16 Actions: 1 – 60
In Phase 1, the Government is building awareness related to the establishment of safety infrastructure and other aspects of infrastructure necessary to support a knowledgeable decision. The safety package for this module addresses these elements with that goal. At the end of Phase 1, the government should be fully aware that a nuclear power programme needs a firm and long term commitment to ensuring safety.
In Phase 2, the Government should establish a clear national policy and strategy for meeting safety requirements and ensure the efficient development of the safety infrastructure including funding provisions. Furthermore, the Government should enact essential elements of the Legal framework and establish an independent regulatory body. Following its creation, the regulatory body must prepare its regulatory framework (safety requirements for bidding and licensing process and inspection activities). The Government should become party to international legal instruments and all organizations should establish international cooperation. All organizations should inform the public and interested parties on safety issues.
In Phase 3, the Government should continue to ensure the efficient development of the safety infrastructure. The regulatory body will perform its regulatory functions associated with the construction phase of the NPP. The Government should implement international obligations and all organizations should implement international cooperation programmes. All organizations should ensure continued transparency and openness on safety issues.
- Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Framework for Safety
General Safety Requirements Part 1 (GSR Part1) – Essentially all of GSR Part 1 is covered in this module. Phase 1 addresses largely the responsibilities and functions of the government, while Phases 2 and 3 incrementally address responsibilities and functions of the regulatory body
- Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards – Interim Edition General Safety Requirements Part 3 (GSR Part 3) – limited to general responsibilities of the government and the regulatory body with emphasis on justification of the action and public exposure
- Predisposal Management of Radioactive Waste General Safety Requirements Part 5 (GSR Part 5) – includes some specific criteria on the need for independent assessment, senior management establishing organizational policies, communication processes, interactions with interested parties and necessary resources to implement management systems
- The Management System for Facilities and Activities Safety Requirements (GS–R–3) – includes some specific criteria on the need for independent assessment, senior management establishing organizational policies, communication processes, interactions with interested parties and necessary resources to implement management systems
- Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Commissioning and Operation Specific Safety Requirements (SSR–2/2) – in phases 2 and 3 specific requirements related to the responsibilities and functions operating organization
- Decommissioning of Facilities Safety Requirements (GSR Part 6) – responsibilities and functions of the government and regulatory body as it relates to decommissioning and the funding requirements
- Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency Safety Requirements (GSR Part 7) – related to arrangements for preparedness to effectively respond to a nuclear or radiological emergency
- Organization and Staffing of the Regulatory Body for Nuclear Facilities Safety Guide (GS–G–1.1)
- Review and Assessment of Nuclear Facilities by the Regulatory Body Safety Guide (GS–G–1.2)
- Regulatory Inspection of Nuclear Facilities and Enforcement by the Regulatory Body Safety Guide (GS–G–1.3)
- Documentation for Use in Regulating Nuclear Facilities Safety Guide (GS–G–1.4)
- Licensing Process for Nuclear Installations Specific Safety Guide (SSG–12)
*This does not constitute the entire list of applicable safety guides, but they are most relevant to this focus of this module.
Education and Training
For building awareness in phase 1 – as well as advanced phases for general knowledge – the IAEA offers the following basic training courses:
Also in phase 1, the IAEA offers overview type workshops/training courses such as:
- WS1: Workshop on Developing National Infrastructure including Governmental, Legal and Regulatory Infrastructure for Safe Implementation of Nuclear Power Programme
Office of Legal Affairs – the Nuclear Law Institute. (All Phases)
For Phase 2 and Phase 3, the IAEA has developed a series of workshops to strengthen regulatory bodies’ capabilities to fulfill their core regulatory functions.
These workshops contain exemplary training material based on the relevant IAEA safety standards, practical applications in countries with mature regulatory infrastructure and exercises. Lecture notes and power point presentations have been developed for all the workshops:
- WS2: Workshop on Regulatory Framework
- WS3: Workshop on Safety Regulations
- WS4: Workshop on Licensing Process
- WS5: Workshop on Safety Review and Assessment by the Regulatory Body
- WS6: Workshop on Regulatory Inspection and Enforcement
- WS7: Workshop on Establishing the Communication Strategy to Build Public Confidence in the Regulatory Body
- WS8(a): Workshop on Leadership and Management System for the Regulatory Body
- W8(b): Workshop on Safety Culture for the Regulatory Body
- WS9: Workshop on Human Resources Management for the Regulatory Body
- Regulatory Activities Section – School of Regulations (under development)
Additional information on Education and Training can be found at: goto.iaea.org/nis–training
- Advisory services in the form of expert missions and documentation reviews may be performed in any of these workshop topics (combined or separate)
- Office of Legal Affairs – Legislative Assistance Programme.
Handbooks I and II on Nuclear Law - IAEA Office of Legal Affairs
- In Phase 1 the Member State may request an Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) mission.
- In Phase 2 the Member State may request an INIR mission to provide and an IRRS – Integrated Regulatory Review Service (tailored for embarking countries).
- In Phase 3 the Member State may request an IRRS mission.
Knowledge Networks and Tools
For further information please contact