As part of the IAEA’s strategy for supporting practical implementation of the Assistance Convention, the IEC manages the IAEA Response and Assistance Network (RANET).
RANET is a network for providing international assistance, upon request from a State, following a nuclear or radiological incident or emergency.
State Parties to the Assistance Convention are expected, within the limits of their capabilities and resources, to identify national assistance capabilities (NACs) consisting of qualified experts, equipment and materials that could be made available to assist another State. This obligation is fulfilled through registration to RANET.
In the case of a nuclear or radiological incident or emergency occurring, a State may request assistance by or through the IAEA. The IEC facilitates the requested assistance through utilizing the NACs.
Types of assistance provided by RANET
|Decontamination||Advice on decontamination of areas, land (urban and rural), buildings, equipment, objects and persons, advice on decontamination techniques and/or operational support; operational support in decontamination.|
|Dose assessment||The assessment of internal or external radiation exposures through the use of bioassay, biodosimetry, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Optically Stimulated Luminescence and/or Activation Analysis. This is complemented by expert analysis and calculations of internal and external exposures.|
|Environmental sampling and analysis||Sampling of environmental media such as air, soil, water, sediments, dietary products and other human food and pasture for analysis in fixed or mobile laboratories; identification and quantification of specific radionuclides in the environment; sample preparation, measurements and analyses performed in a fixed or mobile laboratory.|
|Medical support||Advice on the optimum medical management of casualties, recommendations on their necessary treatment, treatment in specialized centres and advice on and/or psychological support to casualties, their families, first responders, care takers and the general public.|
|Nuclear installation assessment and advice||Assessing the nature of the event, the plant status, the possible evolution, and to provide advice to assist in the mitigation on-site. The use of specialized equipment and technology, such as robotics and unmanned aerial vehicles may be required to perform some on-site mitigation tasks in areas that may be uninhabitable by man (e.g. high dose rates, high temperatures and unstable environments).|
|Radiation survey||Measurements of dose rates, radiological screening, measurements of contamination levels, identification of radionuclides, and quantification of activity concentrations.|
|Radiological assessment and advice||Assessment and evaluation of radiological consequences of a perceived threat or actual incident/emergency and its possible evolution and advice on protective actions and other response actions needed to minimize the consequences and/or to return to normality.|
Source search and recovery
|Provision of advice and/or assistance in source recovery, transportation and safe and secure storage of the source including organizing and/or conducting source recovery operations.
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