IAEA's Response System
The Secretariat needs to be prepared to respond timely, appropriately and efficiently to any situation that may have actual or potential radiological consequences to health, property or the environment and which would require the IAEA’s involvement. In addition, it should be able to respond to radiation safety and/or security related requests from Member States, relevant international organizations and the media/public with urgency.
The prime objectives of the IAEA’s Response System is to facilitate the (1) exchange of official real-time information among States/relevant international organizations; (2) provision of assistance/advice to States/relevant international organizations upon request; and (3) provision of relevant, timely, truthful, consistent and appropriate public information.
The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident and the Convention on Assistance in Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency defines the roles and responsibilities of the IAEA, the State Parties and the IAEA Member States for being prepared and for responding to nuclear accidents and radiological emergencies. The IAEA maintains an Incident and Emergency Centre (IEC) that fulfils the functions that are placed on the IAEA by the Conventions and by relevant safety standards and decisions of the policy making organs. To clarify the expectations of the Secretariat for the arrangements between the IAEA, State Parties and Member States the Agency issues the Operations Manual for Incident and Emergency Communication (EPR-IEComm). Chinese; English; French; Russian
An extra resource to the IAEA’s Response System is foreseen through the Response and Assistance Network (RANET). Its major objectives are: a) to strengthen the IAEA’s capability to provide assistance and advice, and/or to co-ordinate the provision of assistance as specified within the framework of the Assistance Convention, and b) to promote emergency preparedness and response capabilities for nuclear or radiological emergencies/incidents among IAEA Member States.
The Response Plan for Incidents and Emergencies (REPLIE) provides the high-level basis for the Secretariat’s emergency preparedness and response to a radiation-related event. It is compatible with the Operations Manual for Incident and Emergency Communication (EPR-IEComm) and Joint Radiation Emergency Management Plan of the International Organisations (JPLAN), but describes the details of how the Agency staff organize to respond. The cause of a radiation event will often be unknown at the beginning and this Plan is to facilitate the provision of a timely and sustainable response in all cases. The implementation of the Plan relies on competent and experienced personnel from the Secretariat.
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