European Commission Funded Projects
The Department of Nuclear Safety and Security of the IAEA is conducting several projects with funding from the European Commission under the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC). These projects are implemented by the IAEA under its approved Regular Programme with supplementary funding by the European Commission. Two projects are conducted by the Ocupational Radiation Protection Unit: B.4 (1) Occupational Radiation Protection and Risk Management for NPPs, and Strengthening Occupational Radiation Protection at Future Intensified Activities to Improve Safety within Nuclear Facilities.
B.4 (1): Occupational Radiation Protection and Risk Management for NPPs
More and more nuclear power plants (NPPs) are facing decommissioning in the coming years. Smooth decommissioning of NPPs is of great importance for the further development of nuclear energy. Compared with the operation of NPPs, the experiences for decommissioning are still not sufficient, e.g. occupational radiation protection and risk management during decommissioning is one of the crucial issues.
In the decommissioning process such as cutting, demolishing; dismantling; removal and decontamination, in addition to occupational exposure, the workers may also be subject to other kinds of risks. A coherent approach to control the occupational exposure and manage other kinds of risk would be very important for decommissioning.
- To strengthen the occupational radiation protection in the decommissioning of NPPs, taking into consideration all the occupational risks
- Strengthened occupational radiation protection during decommissioning of NPPs, facilities with radioactive material and remediation activities taking into consideration all occupational risks
- A coherent approach to manage occupational exposure to radiation and other risks (e.g. industrial hazards) in the decommissioning of NPPs to optimize consideration of all risks.
B.4 (2): Strengthening Occupational Radiation Protection at Future Intensified Activities to Improve Safety within Nuclear Facilities
The national systems for protection of health and safety of workers who are occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation need to be strengthened in the participating countries to ensure compliance with the IAEA International Basic Safety Standards and related Safety Guides. Particular emphasis has to be given to upcoming increased activities in implementation of internationally harmonized review methodologies concerning safety in NPP’s, e.g. at Stress Tests.
Moreover the requirement to implement a radiation protection programme at facilities is not fully met by every end user. Furthermore, the upcoming Stress Tests require specific and high level knowledge on facility design and activities to be conducted. The number of such skilled and qualified people is low and it is expected that the particular work will be done by contracted skilled experts (also called itinerant workers) who go from one installation to the other. This situation requests a particular individual monitoring and protection of human health.
To strengthen the occupational radiation protection, ensuring a harmonized approach in working with exposure to ionizing radiation for improvement of safety in nuclear facilities.
- Strengthened occupational radiation protection in NPPs, since the results of stress tests may require more inspections, plant maintenance and modifications in work areas with high radiation fields
- Improved and harmonized national programmes for occupational radiation protection, and policies and procedures for monitoring and control of itinerant workers.
Beneficiary Countries: All Member States
Both projects are part of the IAEA’s approved Programme and Budget for 2014-15 and is included under IAEA Project 188.8.131.52 on “Radiation Protection of Workers”. The projects conducted by the IAEA with supplementary funding from the European Union.
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