Second Consultancy Meeting to Develop Guidance Material Supporting Safety Standards Applicable to the Coal Industry
IAEA Headquarters in Vienna, Austria, 11- 15 April 2016
The purpose of the consultancy meeting was to develop industry specific Safety Report on Radiation Protection and Management of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Residues in the Coal and Coal Ash Industry. The first consultancy meeting of this kind was organized in December 2013 with the participation of regulators and industry representatives. The meeting agreed on the scope and content and identified major issues for the development. The second meeting extended the background discussions to be used as the driver for the development of the safety report.
The Safety Report is under development and will be completed at the end of the year. It emphasizes the particular relevance of the graded approach to the regulation of practices, which ensure that any radiation protection measures applied to the industrial processes involved and to the management of NORM residues arising from those processes are commensurate with the characteristics of the operation and with the magnitude and likelihood of the exposures. This implies the need for a thorough understanding of all the processes, the process materials, the associated radiological risks to workers and members of the public, and the practicalities of any protective measures that might need to be considered.
As an international consensus on radiation protection, the publication of the revised International Basic Safety Standards (GSR Part 3) brings new challenges to the regulators, operators and workers in implementing the occupational radiation protection requirements in different exposure situations, applicable for different industries such as Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) under Planned and Existing Exposure Situations.
For the application of the IAEA Safety Requirements on NORM activities, consideration needs to be given to the radiation protection of workers, the public and the environment for a wide range of NORM- industries on a global basis.
The IAEA has initiated many activities, such as the development of Safety Standards applicable to the Uranium Mining and Processing Industry, Coal and Coal Ash Industry, and the Industrial uses of Thorium to complete the library for the industries defined in the Safety Report on Assessing the Need for Radiation Protection Measures in Work Involving Minerals and Raw Materials (IAEA SR-49, 2006).
The Safety Report on Radiation Protection and NORM Residue Management in Coal Industry, which is under preparation, is being developed as part of the IAEA’s programme on the application of its safety standards in the field of radiation, transport and waste safety.
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