Nuclear Terrorism Convention
The International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (Nuclear Terrorism Convention) details offences relating to unlawful and intentional possession and use of radioactive material or a radioactive device, and use or damage of nuclear facilities. It is designed to promote cooperation among countries through the sharing of information and the providing of assistance for investigations and extraditions.
The Convention entered into force in July 2007 and requires all “States Parties to make every effort to adopt appropriate measures to ensure the protection of radioactive material, taking into account relevant recommendations and functions of the Agency”. As of August 2008, it had 43 State parties.
Originally proposed by Russia, the Convention was first adopted on 13 April 2005. Its ultimate intention is to protect against attacks on a range of targets, including nuclear power plants and reactors.