IAEA Nuclear Security Plan for 2014-2017
The objective of the Nuclear Security Plan for 2014–2017 is to contribute to global efforts to achieve effective security wherever nuclear and other radioactive material is in use, storage and/or transport, and of associated facilities by supporting States, upon request, in their efforts to meet their national responsibilities and international obligations, to reduce risks and to respond appropriately to threats.
In achieving this objective, the Agency will:
- Assist States, upon request, in their efforts to establish effective and sustainable national nuclear security regimes
- Serve as the focal point for strengthening international cooperation, and for coordination of nuclear security assistance given through regional and bilateral programmes and other international initiatives
- Enhance global nuclear security efforts by completing international guidance in the Nuclear Security Series and, upon request, supporting its implementation by States
- Encourage and assist States to adhere to relevant international instruments and support States, upon request, in their efforts to adopt implementing national legislation
- Build on the progress made during the implementation of the first three Nuclear Security Plans to help States sustain and further improve their national nuclear security regimes
The Agency’s activities in nuclear security date back to the 1970s when the Agency began providing ad hoc training courses in physical protection. However, after 11 September 2001, it became clear that much more needed to be done to protect both nuclear and other radioactive material from malicious acts.
In March 2002, the Agency embarked on its first comprehensive programme to combat the risk of nuclear terrorism by assisting States in strengthening their nuclear security. Approved by the IAEA Board of Governors, the first three-year plan described a programme of work encompassing eight Activity Areas. The achievements of the first nuclear security plan were detailed in the Review of the Implementation of the Nuclear Security Plan of Activities: 2002–2005 which was submitted to the Board of Governors and General Conference in September 2005.
In September 2009, the Board of Governors approved the third Nuclear Security Plan covering the period 2010–2013. The Plan built upon the accomplishments of the first and second Plan, reviewed the threat picture as it has evolved since the configuration of the priorities and approach set in 2002, and promoted strengthened international instruments to combat nuclear terrorism.
The new Nuclear Security Plan for 2014-2017 covers seven programme elements, namely:
- Information Collation and Assessment
- External Coordination
- Supporting the Nuclear Security Framework Globally
- Coordinated Research Projects
- Assessment through Self-assessment and/or through Peer Review Missions
- Human Resources Development
- Risk Reduction and Security Improvement
Further information or activities covered by these elements can be found in the Nuclear Security Plan.
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