Nuclear Security Fund (NSF)
In March 2002, the IAEA Board of Governors approved a three-year plan of activities in the area of nuclear security and the creation of a voluntary funding mechanism, the Nuclear Security Fund (NSF), to which Member States were called upon to contribute.
The NSF was established to support, amongst others things, the implementation of nuclear security activities to prevent, detect and respond to nuclear terrorism. Annual progress reports on the implementation of the NSF were provided in 2003 and 2004. In 2004, the General Conference invited continued implementation of the Agency’s three-year Nuclear Security Plan of Activities. The Fund was extended when, in September 2005, the IAEA Board approved a new Nuclear Security Plan covering the period 2006-2009.
In September 2009, the Board of Governors approved a new Nuclear Security Plan covering the period 2010–2013.
Implementation of the Nuclear Security Plan 2006-2009 is almost wholly dependent on the donation of extra budgetary funds by Member States and others to the NSF and on in-kind contributions.
The IAEA Programme and Budget 2006–2007 consolidated most of the Agency’s nuclear security related activities into one programme. Excepting a small Regular Budget component, most funding comes from the NSF. Safety programmesand the Safeguards Programme include activities that, whilst established to support safeguards and safety objectives, also support the objectives of the nuclear security programme. These programmes are largely funded by the IAEA Regular Budget and supported by other extra budgetary contributions but funds from the NSF are used to enhance or accelerate implementation of these activities for nuclear security purposes.
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