Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB)
Established in 1995, the ITDB is the IAEA’s information system on incidents of illicit trafficking and other unauthorized activities and events involving nuclear and other radioactive material outside of regulatory control. The ITDB is a unique asset helping participating States and selected international organizations to combat illicit nuclear trafficking and strengthen nuclear security. It is also an essential component of the information platform supporting the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Plan 2014–2017.
The scope of the ITDB information is broad. It includes, but is not limited to, incidents involving illegal trade and movement of nuclear or other radioactive material across national borders. The scope also covers incidents involving unauthorized acquisition (e.g. through theft), supply, possession, use, transfer or disposal—intentional or unintentional—of nuclear and other radioactive material with or without crossing international borders. The scope also covers unsuccessful or thwarted incidents of the acts detailed above, as well as the loss of material and the discovery of uncontrolled material. States are also encouraged to report incidents involving the intentional offering for sale of benign material that is purported to be nuclear or otherwise radioactive, i.e. scams.
In 2012 a new title was proposed to more accurately reflect the scope of the programme. The proposed title was "Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB): Incidents of nuclear and other radioactive material out of regulatory control". This was agreed by Member States and has subsequently been adopted.
Information reported to the ITDB demonstrates that:
- The availability of unsecured nuclear and other radioactive material persists
- Effective border control measures help to detect illicit trafficking, although effective control is not uniformly implemented at all international border points
- Individuals and groups are prepared to engage in trafficking this material
2 In 69 cases, the reported information was not sufficient to determine the category of incident.
3 The ITDB categorizes sealed radioactive sources, in accordance with IAEA Publication RS-G-1.9, from 1-5. The exposure of only a few minutes to a Category 1 source can be fatal. Category 5 sources are potentially the least dangerous; however, even these sources could give rise to doses in excess of the safe limits if not properly controlled.