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Nuclear Security information coordination and analysis

The IAEA nuclear security Plan of Activities involves several Agency departments. Close co-ordination is required for an effective, consistent and coherent programme. The coordinating responsibility is assigned to the Division of Nuclear Security (NSNS).

Strengthening nuclear security requires the effective use of resources through needs assessment, prioritisation and coordination. To this end, the Agency has increased its efforts to collect and analyze security-related information, to identify and prioritize needs, and to co-ordinate its nuclear security activities with those of national bilateral support programmes.

International cooperation

The IAEA maintains nuclear security co-operation and co-ordination with other relevant international organizations. The Agency concluded a Cooperation Arrangement with Interpol in early 2006. This agreement provides, inter-alia, the framework for developing a common data platform on illicit trafficking incidents and for sharing analysis and evaluation. The Agency continues to cooperate with EUROPOL in the field of illicit trafficking analysis and is seeking synergies with the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Unit (UNICRI) in border monitoring, legislative assistance and other issues.

The Agency has established synergies with the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and World Customs Organization (WCO), who have provided, inter-alia, valuable assistance in the development of security guidance documents. The Agency continues to provide assistance upon request to the United Nations Committees for Security Council resolutions 1540 and 1373.

The Radiological Security Partnership (RSP) covers risk-reduction activities and focuses on the security of vulnerable, high-risk radioactive sources. The RSP was initiated by the US Department of Energy to address “the potential threats from under-secured high-risk radioactive sources”. Under the auspices of the RSP, the Agency has entered into Regional Radiological Security Partnerships with Australia, the USA, India and South Africa.

Information coordination

Incident and Trafficking Database

The IAEA Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB) was established in 1995 to facilitate exchange of authoritative information related to illicit trafficking and other unauthorised activities involving nuclear and other radioactive materials. The ITDB also provides material for analysis of patterns and trends and to help identify potential security threats and vulnerabilities.

Integrated Nuclear Security Support Plan

The Integrated Nuclear Security Support Plan (INSSP) attempts a holistic approach to nuclear security capacity-building and is based on findings and recommendations from a range of nuclear security missions. It is drafted in consultation with individual Member States and tailored to the country-specific needs. The INSSP presents five components related to nuclear security: Legal and Regulatory Framework, Prevention, Detection and Response, Human Resource Development and Follow up.

Security of Information

Efficient measures to protect and secure sensitive information may often make the difference between a successful and a foiled terrorist attack. The increasing reliance on information and on the automated systems that process it and the ease of access to information held over electronic networks make it crucial for all nuclear organizations to establish adequate programmes for the protection of information. The IAEA assists Member States through the provision of guidance and capacity building programmes.

Protecting sensitive nuclear information

The IAEA is compiling a guidance document to sustain Member States in the implementation of one of the fundamental principles of Nuclear Security: the protection of confidentiality. Work is ongoing to develop a training curriculum to support the implementation of the guidance docment and to help establish the necessary infrastructure.

Security of Computer Systems in Nuclear Facilities

The IAEA will publish a guidance document suggesting measures for the implementation of Computer Security within Nuclear Facilities. A related curriculum for an IAEA training course has been developed and is available to Member States.

For more information go to the dedicated Security of Information and Computer Systems page.

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| Last update: Thursday, 25 August, 2016.