Integrated Regulatory Review Service
The IAEA Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) is designed to strengthen and enhance the effectiveness of the national regulatory infrastructure of States for nuclear, radiation, radioactive waste and transport safety and security of radioactive sources whilst recognizing the ultimate responsibility of each State to ensure safety in the above areas. This expressed purpose of the IRRS is to be accomplished through consideration of both regulatory technical and policy issues, with comparisons against IAEA safety standards and where appropriate, good practices elsewhere.
The IAEA offers several review services to Member States. Thus to avoid any potential overlap of the topics addressed by such services (which cover wide-ranging thematic areas) the IAEA has developed the IRRS to offer an integrated approach to the review of common aspects of any state’s national, legal and governmental framework and regulatory infrastructure for safety. The IRRS regulatory review process provides the opportunity for peer review of both regulatory technical and policy issues in any state regardless of the level of development of its activities and practices involving ionizing radiation or nuclear programme, and enables an objective comparison of the national regulatory infrastructure against IAEA Standards and Guidance. The IRRS evaluates as objectively as possible, the state’s regulatory infrastructure for safety with respect to these standards and practices, and provides recommendations and suggestions for improvement. An expert peer review of the current extent of compliance with IAEA Standards provides a good indicator of the effectiveness of the regulatory oversight of nuclear, radiation, radioactive waste and transport safety. An IRRS mission addresses all relevant areas, facilities and activities regulated in the state, with a follow-up IRRS mission no more than four years later to review progress in implementing the suggestions and recommendations of the initial IRRS mission. Preparation for the IRRS mission includes a self-assessment conducted by the state in accordance with the IAEA Self-Assessment Methodology. The IRRS mission is an IAEA coordinated peer review conducted by a team of international reviewers led by a senior regulator from a Member State. The review is structured to lead to the identification of areas for improvement and the formulation by the host country, of an action plan to address identified deficiencies. A follow-up mission is undertaken in due course, by which the host country and IRRS Review Team assess progress in implementing the recommendations and suggestions in the period since the initial review. The IRRS follow-up mission also provides the opportunity for the IAEA, international reviewers and host country to identify additional technical and policy issues for review, to identify further good practices and through feedback, provide input for the review of IAEA safety standards.
The IRRS process consists of the following phases:
- Pre-mission or preparatory phase (including information meeting, preparatory meeting and self-assessment)
- Conduct of the peer review mission (including completion and dissemination of the mission report)
- Follow-up mission
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