Education and Training Review Service (ETRES)
Background - The IAEA has statutory functions to produce nuclear safety standards, “foster the exchange of scientific and technical information” and “encourage the exchange and training of scientists and experts”. In line with these functions the IAEA has been developing a variety of education and training activities. These include a wide range of training courses, tools and workshops in topics relevant to the safety of nuclear installations.
Following various General Conference resolutions over the years, the IAEA secretariat consolidated its strategy to strengthen nuclear safety education and training systems in Members States. IAEA activities include the development of curriculums and trainers, knowledge networks and Steering Committees in the area of competence building and education and training. An important area of the IAEA’s work is the support to peer reviews amongst Member States.
After the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in March 2011, the Agency prepared an Action Plan on Nuclear Safety (NSAP) in consultation with Member States which was endorsed by the 55th IAEA General Conference.
In support of this Action Plan a document offering a harmonized concept of capacity building and a self-assessment methodology was developed. ETRES fully supports the capacity building methodology including its self-assessment questionnaires.
The objective is to assist Member States to develop and to maintain a sustainable and adequate Education and Training programme inline with IAEA Safety Standards and international good practices, with due recognition to national conditions. This objective is expected to be met by self-assessment of needs, followed by an international peer review of the results and implementation of an action plan to fulfil the identified needs.
The education and training review service must be initiated by a request from the Member State. It can be applied to the whole national education and training infrastructure or to specific components of the infrastructure, such as regulators, technical support organizations, training centres or educational institutions. It is recommended to conduct a full review of the education and training systems which should be coordinated by the government. However, in some cases the scope of the revision might be restricted to some of the organizations since ETRES has a modular structure. The scope must therefore be agreed prior to the mission and the results adequately reflected in the final report.
It is intended that the review service will address three key areas relative to the education and training safety programme of a Member State:
- Area 1: The basis and framework for education and training – the legal, policy, strategy, planning and organizational matters that impact the education and training needs, the system for meeting the needs, availability of resources for education and training, and qualification and utilization of these resources.
- Area 2: Competences and training – capabilities and competences required and training necessary to develop these competences, the available education and training, the gaps and additional education and training needed to fill the gaps.
- Area 3: Maintenance (sustainability) and improvement of competences and training – the need for continuous maintenance and improvement of the competences.
The ETRES is conducted by a team which is composed of Agency’s and international experts together with the national counterpart. It consists of a team leader, a team coordinator and two to four external reviewers.
At the end of the ETRES process a report will be issued after consultation with and review by the Member State. The report includes a plan of actions in the near term to improve the current status and long term actions to upgrade the education and training capabilities.
Methodology and process
The education and training review service is performed in three phases:
Phase 1: Preparations for the review
Phase 2: Conduct of the review
Phase 3: Follow-up mission
Regardless of the scope of the mission, realization of a successful mission requires equal care in the execution of all three phases.
During the preparatory phase the Member State is required to conduct self-assessment of its education and training programme.
This process is divided into four steps and it should consider all nuclear power related organizations depending on the scope of the review.
Completed and upcoming missions
- Indonesia (2012)
- Pakistan (2013)
- Malaysia (2014)
- Thailand (2015)
- Philippines (2015)
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