Extrabudgetary Programme for Safe Nuclear Energy in Romania
The Extrabudgetary Programme to enhance nuclear safety in Romania was recently completed. Funding for the programme was provided through a grant from Innovation Norway.
Initiated in September 2009, the Safe Nuclear Energy-Regional Excellence Programme in Romania was established to support Romania’s expanding nuclear programme. Activities supporting the nuclear regulatory authority and the nuclear operator were completed 30 April 2011.
The National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN) as programme promoter, and its Norwegian partner, the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA), with the support and management of the IAEA Department of Nuclear Safety and Security, developed and successfully implemented a programme consisting of an integrated series of projects to further enhance nuclear safety in Romania and thereby implement provisions of relevant international agreements and instruments, such as the Convention on Nuclear Safety, to which both the Romanian and the Norwegian government are strongly committed. The programme was developed in close cooperation with the operator, Societatea Nationala Nuclearelectrica S.A. (SNN), which is CNCAN’s main Romanian programme partner.
The Romanian and Norwegian parties collectively agreed to ask the IAEA to undertake the implementation of the identified activities in order to include best practices and facilitate a balanced approach between improved safety at the nuclear installation itself and improved safety review with the regulator in Romania. The IAEA was therefore commissioned by all programme partners as the programme implementation agent, and was directly involved in programme development and management.
The overall objective of the program was to enhance nuclear safety in Romania. The programme was divided into ten projects, with the major outcome being the reduction of the risk of a nuclear accident occurring in Romania.
Given the wide area and diverse subjects covered by the nuclear safety concept, topics were selected taking into account the needs of both the regulator and the operator, their priorities, their sustainability and the long term benefits, resulting in five areas of focus for the program:
- Safety assessment
- Safety culture
- Capacity building
- Emergency preparedness and response
- Management systems
The program resulted in assisting the regulator and operator in obtaining a level of sustainable excellence that can be recognized as a model for others to follow.
A parallel outcome of the programme, and one that will continue until September 2011, is to establish nuclear safety project frameworks and content which can be directly applicable to other IAEA Member States developing nuclear power capacity. In addition, IAEA documentation, such as Safety Report and TecDocs, are also being developed/enhanced which will be made available to other Member States. As a result, this programme has served as a pilot for future nuclear installation excellence programmes for IAEA Member States.
Nuclear Safety Assessment and Risk Informed Regulation (CNCAN1 Project)
Support was provided to CNCAN in continuation of the implementation of IRRS recommendations in the area of deterministic safety analysis (DSA) and Level 2 probabilistic safety analysis (PSA). This included a risk informed assessment and decision framework and methodology which enhances the regulatory authority’s ability to monitor plant safety. The project provided the following results:
- Installed safety analysis tools and trained staff for independent review of deterministic safety analyses and confirmatory calculations
- Regulatory review procedure for review of Level 2 PSA and correspondingly trained staff
- Regulatory procedure for Risk Informed Decision Making in support of regulatory activities
- Regulatory procedure for the use of Safety Performance Iindicators in the evaluation of the safety level of the nuclear power plants
- An IRRS mission, which was performed at the end of the programme to identify the current status of the regulator, and will be used as a baseline for measuring future improvements.
Safety Culture (CNCAN2 and SNN5 Projects)
The CNCAN 2 project supported the regulator in enhancing its safety culture programmes for regulatory assessment of the safety culture of the licensees. The project provided the following results:
- Methodology and tools for regulatory assessment of the safety culture of licensees
- Training of CNCAN staff in assessment of safety culture
- Implementation by means of a pilot assessment using the developed methodology and tools
The SNN5 project supported the operator in understanding issues related to ensuring the successful implementation of a safety culture programme during the merging of energy producing companies.
Capacity Building and Knowledge Management (CNCAN3 Project)
The project supported the regulator in development of knowledge management (KM) and capacity building frameworks to secure long-term availability of regulatory competency. The project provided the following results:
- A KM health check was undertaken and results considered for further project action
- A KM processes map and of the KM processes overview were developed
- A KM system specifically for CNCAN was developed and implemented
- Training was provided utilizing the Systematic Training Needs Analysis (STNA) tool, based on the IAEA Safety Standards
- An implementation plan for ensuring sustainable education and training in nuclear safety and links with other national centres of knowledge.
Emergency Preparedness and Response
(CNCAN4 and SNN3 Projects)
The projects supported both the regulator and the operator in strengthening and enhancing the effectiveness of Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) activities in Romania. The projects provided the following results:
- An EPREV mission report on the current EPR arrangements, establishing a baseline and recommending measures for improvement
- Reports on technical capabilities for radiological consequences assessments recommending improvement measures
- Enhanced incident reporting arrangements between the operator and the regulator in order to provide advance warning of potentially deteriorating plant safety situations
- CANDU and TRIGA accident classification scheme and emergency plans and procedures
- Software tool for the radiological consequences assessment and the type and extent of recommended protective actions during a CANDU and TRIGA reactor accident implemented
- Training modules including e-learning modules for a sustainable and continuous training programme
- Training for staff on specific aspects of the practical response to radiological emergencies
- Trained personnel in the institutions involved in the EPR activities in Romania. The arrangements were demonstrated, refined and rehearsed through an agreed programme of annual emergency exercises to demonstrate proper functioning of each facet of the arrangements
- A successful international emergency exercise jointly organised by Romania and Bulgaria with the participation of experts from IAEA and NRPA, and evaluation reports.
Integrated Management Systems
(CNCAN 5 and SNN2 Projects)
The projects supported the regulator and operator in development and implementation of an improved and effective integrated management system (IMS), including establishment of performance indicators to measure effectiveness. The projects provided the following results:
- Baseline reports on the existing management systems of the regulator and operator and recommendations for improvement
- Implemented improvements of the IMS with performance indicators to measure effectiveness
- Appropriate tools for monitoring and assessing implementation of the integrated management system requirements.
Enterprise Risk Management (SNN1 Project)
The project supported the Romanian operator in developing a robust methodology for enterprise risk management. The project provided the following results:
- An ERM policy, risk acceptance criteria (for financial, trading, operational, projects, human resources, health, safety & environment, reputation, compliance & governance) and an enterprise risk manual
- Workshops for executive and peer group leaders
- An ERM risk register
- A monitoring Report and review workshop.
Support for Updating the Site Evaluation for Cernavoda NPPs (SNN4 Project)
The project was aimed at enhancing the existing Cernavoda NPP Site Evaluation included in the Safety Analyses Report (SAR) by providing the expertise required to update the existing analyses and complete the assessment of external hazards based on the latest international standards. The results of this project provided a higher level of safety by increasing the confidence in the existing safe operating envelope. The project provided the following results:
- Updated Cernavoda site evaluation data
- Draft External Hazard Screening and Bounding Analysis for Cernavoda NPP Units 1 and 2.
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