Iraq decommissioning project
The IAEA is coordinating a programme of international support for this decommissioning programme in order to ensure that best international experience and practice is brought to bear on this difficult challenge. Many governments and supporting national organisations are providing technical expertise, supporting visits to their nuclear sites and facilities and providing training placements for Iraqi staff in order to help build decommissioning and regulatory capability.
Many of the nuclear facilities on the Al-Tuwaitha site were originally provided with support from France, Italy and Russia in the 1960s and 70s. During the turmoil within Iraq over the last decade and longer, most of the records, plans and documentation for these facilities have been lost or destroyed. France, Italy and the Russian Federation have agreed to examine their historical records and make available information relevant to the decommissioning activity.
Germany and France have hosted visits to their decommissioning and waste management facilities in order to assist Iraqi experts to develop their waste management strategy for the materials arising from the decommissioning programme.
Ukraine is supporting the radiological assessment of characterisation samples through a programme based at its International Radioecology Laboratory. A training programme on the characterisation of contaminated facilities is also being supported.
The USA is providing extensive support for this programme, both through the IAEA coordinated activity and directly through a bi-lateral programme with Iraq. The Department of State provide a national focus for this activity. There is extensive input from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, who are aiding the development of the law and regulations, together with training placements for Iraqi regulatory staff. Sandia Laboratories and Texas Tech University provide expertise in decommissioning, characterisation, waste management and health surveillance.
Other support for the project comes from Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Italy, Lebanon, Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain and the United Kingdom who are providing relevant expertise, training and historical knowledge.
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