Emergency Preparedness Review (EPREV) Service
EPREV is a service provided by the IEC to appraise the level of preparedness for nuclear or radiological or emergencies in Member States.
The country’s emergency preparedness and response capabilities are appraised by inter alia, comparing the arrangements with current international safety standards and good practices.
The appraisal is conducted by a team consisting of IAEA Secretariat and international experts. Any Member State can request an EPREV. The scope and depth are decided during discussions between the requesting Member State and the IAEA.
The objectives of an EPREV mission are to:
- Provide an assessment of the State’s capability to respond to nuclear and radiological incidents and emergencies, including those involving malicious or other unauthorized acts
- Assist the State in the development of interim arrangements to promptly respond to a nuclear or radiological emergency
- Assist the State in providing a basis upon which the State can develop a longer-term programme to enhance their ability to respond
EPREVs can cover all aspects from the appraisal of the emergency preparedness arrangements at a specific installation (e.g. a nuclear power plant) to a full appraisal of all arrangements (including on-site, off-site and national) in a requesting Member State.
The EPREV Process
The EPREV process consists of three main phases, all including various stages.
- Preparatory phase and pre-EPREV mission
- The conduct of the main EPREV mission
- The follow-up mission
The formal steps for the implementation of an EPREV mission are initiated with a request to the IAEA, through the appropriate official channels in the requesting State. Upon receipt of the formal request the IAEA reviews it and begins formal dialogue with the requesting Member State.
It is a common practice that the requesting State initializes contact by approaching the IAEA through the Incident and Emergency Centre (IEC), expressing its intent to host a mission. At this point specific and complementary information about the mission are provided and discussions with relevant IAEA officers take place.
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